The ACM Residential Real Estate Fund (REF) is a model portfolio that is designed to provide investors with exclusive exposure to the U.S. residential real estate market. Investors in the model REF Fund have investment exposure to mortgage-backed securities, residential homes, rental homes, apartments, student housing, and manufactured homes across the U.S. The model REF Fund is structured as a hedge-fund-of-stocks-and-funds portfolio. The underlying investment options include actively managed mutual funds, passively managed exchange-traded funds, REITs, and individual home builder stocks. The model REF Fund has a tilted strategic asset allocation that sets forth a 60% position in equity securities and a 40% position in fixed income securities. The model REF Fund uses a tactical asset allocation overlay to periodically re-balance the portfolio in order to provide investors with optimal risk-adjusted investment performance.
The model REF Fund periodically employs a portfolio insurance strategy that uses a dynamic hedging process in order to limit downside risk while allowing participation on the upside over a given investment time horizon. When the ACM hedging process is in effect, the portfolio’s investment risk will be limited to an amount that is equal to the prices of the underlying securities minus the strike prices for the put options plus the put option prices plus commissions. Although the value of the portfolio’s underlying securities and the value of the long put option positions change in different directions, the model REF Fund will always maintain a positive delta position. This phenomenon is due to the fact that while the negative delta position that is associated with the portfolio’s long put option strategy reduces the sensitivity of the model REF Fund to changes in the underlying securities prices, the portfolio’s net delta position will always be positive. Overall, the total value of the model REF Fund will rise when the prices of the portfolio’s underlying securities rise and fall when the prices of the portfolio’s underlying securities fall. Moreover, the model REF Fund will always have unlimited profit potential because the prices of the portfolio’s underlying securities can rise into perpetuity.
As a hedge fund investment manager, ACM periodically implements an Ex-ante portfolio insurance strategy to protect previously-purchased equity securities when the short-term forecast for the performance of the residential real estate market is bearish, but the long-term forecast sentiment remains bullish. Given the lag-time in the impact of macro-economic data on the performance of the fixed income segment of the model REF Fund, ACM periodically implements an Ex-post portfolio insurance strategy to protect previously purchased fixed income securities against prepayment risk and extension risk. The model REF Fund does not use put options to protect the fixed income segment of the portfolio against default risk because the underlying mortgage backed securities are backed by an explicit- or quasi-U.S. government guarantee. It is important to note that the model REF Fund is never fully hedged against all potential market losses because the cost to completely hedge the portfolio negates the ability to generate an acceptable level of alpha for investors. Moreover, put options may not be available for some of the underlying securities that make up the portfolio. Nevertheless, when the ACM hedging process is fully implemented, the ACM portfolio insurance strategy should cap investment losses at 10% in an efficient and effective manner.
ACM routinely conducts a copious level of qualitative and quantitative due diligence on every security in the model REF Fund and periodically conducts a similar amount of research on the securities in its residential real estate universe in order to determine if any changes to the ACM model portfolio would enhance the risk-return profile of the model REF Fund. This level of due diligence ensures that security turnover, trading costs, and taxes within the model REF Fund will be optimized. Collectively, the strategic asset allocation, tactical asset allocation, fund-of-stocks-and-funds investment structure, quality of underlying investments, and dynamic portfolio insurance strategy should generate the level of risk-controlled investment performance that investors expect to receive over an acceptable investment time horizon.
As a thought leader and progressive hedge fund investment manager, the founder of Adkins Capital Management guarantees transparent operations; comprehensive investment exposure that is exclusive to the residential housing industry; fully disclosed investment guidelines, investment holdings, and investment performance; liquid investment holdings that do not mandate a lock-up period; prudent investment exposure to inexpensive mortgage-backed securities funds; inexpensive hedge fund investment management fees that will be assessed by a pre-paid annual client invoice; a rebate of the ACM hedge fund investment management fee if the performance of the ACM model REF Fund is less than zero for the calendar-year-ending period; clearly defined and controlled investment risks; and attractive investment performance.
Investors with more than $1 million USD can establish an account with the brokerage firm of their choice and grant ACM the authority to purchase and sell securities within the account in a manner that will replicate the investment structure and performance of the ACM REF Fund model portfolio. Under such an arrangement, investors will have the sole authority to make deposits into and withdrawals out of their accounts and the brokerage firms will provide all of the back-office services such as record-keeping, compliance, and IRS reporting. For investors with more than $50 million USD, ACM will establish a client-specific separate account that is held in a trust with an independent custodial banking institution. For these types of large client accounts, ACM will manage all investment, front office, and back office responsibilities.
How To Start Hedge Fund In The U.S. This article explains how to legally establish a hedge fund in the United States. This article was originally published by Investopedia on April 14, 2015 and was updated on March 3, 2020.